Floods in Bangladesh composition Introduction: A flood is a natural calamity. It is an annual affair in Bangladesh. Bangladesh suffers from floods almost every year. Due to excessive rainfall or any other cause when rivers and canals overflow their banks and make a huge loss to crops and property, it is called a flood.
Causes of the flood: The causes of floods are many. It is mainly caused by heavy showers of rain. It may be caused by cyclones, tidal bores, or the melting of snow on mountains.
Effects of the flood: Flood causes a big loss of our life, property, and crops. It washes away villages, roads, and even people’s houses. Many human lives are lost. All the communication system is suspended People become homeless. They take shelter on the high roads, schools, and colleges. The aftereffects of the floods are more dangerous. After flood epidemic and famine break out. The areas affected by floods become muddy and unhealthy. Drinking water is scarce. The price of all daily necessities goes up. Relief should be given properly to the flood-affected people. They should be rehabilitated. Easy loans and seeds should be given to them.
Last two floods in Bangladesh: The last two consequent floods in 2007 were very terrible. The floods caused great havoc. It took a heavy toll on lives. Nearly forty-eight districts were swept over by the floods. Many people became homeless, many cattle died and huge properties were damaged.
Advantages: Floods do some good to us. It makes our lands fertile by depositing silt. It washes away filth and dirt.
Steps to be taken: It is urgently necessary to take proper steps the controlled flood in our country. Both long and short-term plans can be taken. The silted-up beds of our rivers should be excavated for carrying more water. Proper embankments should be constructed along the banks of the rivers.
Conclusion: Flood causes a huge loss to our country every year. So we must control floods at any cost.
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Environment Pollution composition
Nowadays environmental pollution is one of the most talked about topics in the world. Our environment is polluted in two ways –air pollution and water pollution. Air is polluted in many ways. Smoke pollutes the air; man makes fire to cook his food, makes bricks, melts pitch for road construction, and burns wood. All these things produce heavy smoke and this smoke pollutes the air.
Railway engines, mills and factories, and powerhouses use coal and oil. Buses, trucks, and cars use petrol and diesel. Again all these things cause air pollution. Water is polluted in many ways. Farmers use chemical fertilizers and insecticides on their lands to grow more food. The rain and floods wash away some of the chemicals.
They get mixed with canal water and river water. Mills and factories pollute water by throwing waste materials and unsold products into the rivers and canals. Steamers, launches, and even sailboats pollute water by throwing oil, food waste, and human waste into the big canals and rivers. Unsanitary latrines in the countryside standing on the banks of the rivers and canals also pollute water.
Thus air and water are polluted and as a result, our environment gets polluted. Water pollution can be prevented in many ways. First of all, we should make the people aware of the fact that water is next to air. It is called life. So chemical fertilizer and pesticides should not be allowed to mix with river water, canal water, and pond water mills and factories should not throw waste materials and unsold products into rivers and canals.
Steamers, motor launches, and even sailboats should not throw oil, food waste, and human waste into the rivers and canals. In fine awareness necessary measures and creating public awareness.